Joseph Conrad ran away to sea at the age of 16, and spent many years travelling all over the world, including captaining a steamer up the Congo River, a trip which would later inspire his book Heart of Darkness. Another of his books, Lord Jim, is set on the high seas. After giving up his maritime career, he settled in the UK, and, although English was his third language, he became a successful writer.
Like Conrad, American writer Ernest Hemingway was a committed traveller and spent many years living in Europe, where he fought in the Spanish Civil War. He also travelled to Africa, which provided him with the inspiration to write Green Hills of Africa, a non-fiction narrative of his trip and hunting excursion.
Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay in 1865, in the days when India was still part of the British Empire. He wrote a collection of stories that were published under the name of The Jungle Book. He is also famous for the Just So Stories, a collection of tales that explain why the animals look the way they do.