Page 30. " The hat itself was one of those flat-topped pork-pie jobs with a jay's feather stuck in the hat-band and Mr Wormwood was very proud of it. "

A pork pie hat
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeA pork pie hat
As you can see from the picture, pork pie hats look like pork pies. They are made of felt and sometimes straw and look a bit like a fedora or a trilby except that they have a flattened top. They originate from the 19th century and were first worn by women before jazz musicians made them popular on the music scene.


Page 40. " It isn't trash, daddy, it's lovely. It's called The Red Pony. It's by John Steinbeck, an American writer. "
John Steinbeck in 1962
Public DomainJohn Steinbeck in 1962

Published in the 1930s, The Red Pony is a book by John Steinbeck, a famous American writer. It recounts the childhood of Jody Tiflin and his life on his father's ranch in California. Although many people think of it as a short novel, the book is really a collection of short stories, some of which were first published in magazines.



Page 41. " as Napoleon once said "
The Emperor Napoleon in his study at the Tuileries by Jacques-Louis David (1812)
Public DomainThe Emperor Napoleon in his study at the Tuileries by Jacques-Louis David (1812)

Napoleon Bonaparte was an important French military leader and ruler in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He led his troops in numerous successful campaigns, and is known for his many theories on warcraft. One of his most famous sayings is "an army marches on its stomach", meaning that it is important to feed your soldiers well.  He was finally defeated by the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo.