Page 176. " If you think of the Father as something 'out there', in front of you, and of the Son as someone standing at your side, helping you to pray "

Does the Bible teach that the Son helps us to pray? It actually teaches that the Holy Spirit does so: "Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered" (Rom. 8:26, KJV). It is Christ's role to serve as a "high priest," "making intercession" for believers (Rom. 8:27; Heb. 7:25).

Page 178. " It knows that if the spiritual life gets hold of it, all its self-centredness and self-will are going to be killed "

"Going to be killed" may sound like needlessly blunt language, but Lewis is taking the idea from Scripture.

Romans 8:13 (ESV): "If you live according to the flesh you will die, but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live."

Colossians 3:5-10 (ESV): "Put to death therefore what is earthly in you: sexual immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idolatry. On account of these the wrath of God is coming. In these you too once walked, when you were living in them. But now you must put them all away: anger, wrath, malice, slander, and obscene talk from your mouth. Do not lie to one another, seeing that you have put off the old self with its practices and have put on the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge after the image of its creator."

Page 179. " The Eternal Being, who knows everything and who created the whole universe, became not only a man but (before that) a baby, and before that a foetus inside a Woman's body. "

Lewis may have had in mind Philippians 2:5-8 (ESV): "Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped,but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross."

Page 179. " If you want to get the hang of it, think how you would like to become a slug or a crab. "

In C. S. Lewis: A Biography (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1990), A. N. Wilson takes issue with Lewis's analogy here.

Nor are all his attempts at analogy helpful. Certainly to explain the Incarnation in a quarter of an hour over the air is a tall order, but Lewis could surely have done better than to say, "If you want to get the hang of it, think how you would like to become a slug or a crab." Apart from being offensive, this is bad theology. God made human beings in His own image and likeness. Human beings did not make slugs or crabs. Man could not "redeem" the slugs even if slugs were in need of redemption.

Page 180. " poverty, misunderstanding from His own family, betrayal by one of His intimate friends, being jeered at and manhandled by the Police, and execution by torture "

Lewis covers a number of specific events from Christ's life in this list, ending with His crucifixion.

Poverty: "And Jesus saith unto him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head" (Matthew 8:20, KJV).

Misunderstanding from His own family: "Neither did his brethren believe in him" (John 7:5, KJV); "And when his friends heard of it, they went out to lay hold on him: for they said, He is beside himself. . . . There came then his brethren and his mother, and, standing without, sent unto him, calling him. And the multitude sat about him, and they said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren without seek for thee. And he answered them, saying, Who is my mother, or my brethren? And he looked round about on them which sat about him, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren! For whosoever shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother" (Mark 3:21, 31-35).

Betrayal by one of His intimate friends: This refers, of course, to Judas's betrayal of Christ. It may also refer to Peter's denial of Christ.

Being jeered at and manhandled by the Police: This reference is to Christ's arrest and battery at the hands of Roman soldiers. See Matthew 27:27-31; Mark 15:15-20; John 19:1-3.

Page 180. " The Man in Christ rose again: not only the God "

Here Lewis states his position regarding the resurrection of Christ--that it was a literal bodily resurrection, not merely "spiritual."

Page 180. " Every man, woman, and child all over the world is feeling and breathing at this moment only because God, so to speak, is 'keeping him going'. "

From Paul's sermon in Acts 17: "for 'In him we live and move and have our being'" (v. 28, ESV).

Colossians 1:17: "And he is before all things, and by him all things consist" (KJV).

Page 184. " But when you are talking about God--i.e. about the rock bottom, irreducible Fact on which all other facts depend--it is nonsensical to ask if it could have been otherwise. It is what it is, and there is an end of the matter. "

Some might say this is an example of the logical fallacy known as begging the question.

Page 187. " One is the story you have all read called Beauty and the Beast. "

Here are links to various versions of the Beauty and the Beast tale.

Page 187. " whatever else you say, you will probably say the Lord's Prayer "

The Lord's Prayer is the prayer that Christ modeled for His disciples as part of the Sermon on the Mount.

Page 188. " To put it bluntly, you are dressing up as Christ. "

Galatians 3:27 (KJV): "For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ."

Page 190. " People who were not Christians themselves helped me to Christianity. "

All My Road before Me: The Diary of C. S. Lewis
Permission Granted by Copyright Owner for Use on Book DrumAll My Road before Me: The Diary of C. S. Lewis - Credit: Photo by Steven Skaggs.
Lewis may have had in mind here an event he recorded in his account of his conversion to Christianity, Surprised by Joy:

Early in 1926 the hardest boiled of all the atheists I ever knew sat in my room on the other side of the fire and remarked that the evidence for the historicity of the Gospels was really surprisingly good. “Rum thing,” he went on. “All that stuff of Frazer’s about the Dying God. Rum thing. It almost looks as if it had really happened once.” To understand the shattering impact of it, you would need to know the man (who has certainly never since shown any interest in Christianity). If he, the cynic of cynics, the toughest of the toughs, were not—as I would still have put it—“safe,” where could I turn? Was there then no escape? (223-24)

This "hard-boiled atheist" may have been Thomas Dewar Weldon. In All My Road Before Me, 379-80, Lewis’s diary entry for Tuesday, 27 April, 1926, recounts an evening Lewis spent with Weldon. It reads in part as follows: “We somehow got on the historical truth of the Gospels, and agreed that there was a lot that could not be explained away. He believes in the Hegelian doctrine of the Trinity and said the whole thing fitted in: in fact he is a Christian ‘of a sort’. I should never have suspected it. . . . Got to bed v. late at last with a headache, regretting a wasted, tho’ interesting evening.”

Page 191. " But we must not remain babies. "

Perhaps Lewis was thinking of passages such as these as he wrote this.

1 Peter 2:1-2 (KJV): "Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that ye may grow thereby."

1 Corinthians 3:2 (KJV): "I [Paul] have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able."

Hebrews 5:12-14 (KJV): "For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe. But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil."

1 Corinthians 13:11 (KJV): "When I [Paul] was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things."

Page 191. " There are lots of nice things you can do with sand: but do not try building a house on it. "

Here Lewis references Christ's parable of the wise and foolish builders, found in Matthew 7:24-27 and Luke 6:46-49, which is quoted below from the ESV.

“Why do you call me ‘Lord, Lord,’ and not do what I tell you? Everyone who comes to me and hears my words and does them, I will show you what he is like: he is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation on the rock. And when a flood arose, the stream broke against that house and could not shake it, because it had been well built.But the one who hears and does not do them is like a man who built a house on the ground without a foundation. When the stream broke against it, immediately it fell, and the ruin of that house was great.”

Page 191. " It talks about Christians 'being born again'; it talks about them 'putting on Christ'; about Christ 'being formed in us'; about our coming to 'have the mind of Christ'. "

Lewis is referring to the following New Testament passages (all quoted from the King James Version).

Being born again: "Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God" (John 3:3).

"Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again" (John 3:7).

"Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently: Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever" (1 Peter 1:22-23).

Putting on Christ: "For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus" (Galatians 3:26-28).

Being formed in us: "My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you, I desire to be present with you now ..." (Galatians 4:19-20).

Have the mind of Christ: "For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ" (1 Corinthians 2:16).

Page 191. " turning you permanently into a different sort of thing; into a new little Christ "

"Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new" (2 Corinthians 5:17).

Page 193. " the change which I most need to undergo is a change that my own direct, voluntary efforts cannot bring about "

The apostle Paul discusses this problem in detail in Romans 7.

Page 197. " He says, 'Take up your Cross'--in other words, it is like going to be beaten to death in a concentration camp. Next minute he says, 'My yoke is easy and my burden light.' He means both. "

From Matthew 16:24 (KJV): "Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me."

From Matthew 11:28-30 (KJV): "Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light."

Page 198. " We are all trying to let our mind and heart go their own way "

Creative Commons Attribution"All we like sheep have gone astray," Isaiah 53:6. - Credit:
From Isaiah 53:6 (KJV): "All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all."

Page 198. " As He said, a thistle cannot produce figs. "

Creative Commons AttributionThistle - Credit:
Taken from Matthew 7:15-17 (KJV), a portion of the Sermon on the Mount: "Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit."

Page 198. " When He said, 'Be perfect,' He meant it. "

"Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect," Matthew 5:48 (KJV)--a quotation from the Sermon on the Mount.

Page 199. " It says in the Bible that the whole universe was made for Christ and that everything is to be gathered together in Him. "

Colossians 1:16-20 (KJV): "For by him [Christ] were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: And he is before all things, and by him all things consist. And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence. For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell; And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven."

2 Thessalonians 2:1-2 (KJV): "Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him, That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand."

Page 200. " I think I can see how the higher animals are in a sense drawn into Man when he loves them "

This reference to "higher animals" is a tipoff to Lewis's bias toward evolution, which he discusses in greater detail in chapter 11, "The New Men." Such a statement assumes that more apparently complex animals (e.g., vertebrates) evolved from less apparently complex or more primitive animals (e.g., nonvertebrates). Here's an article from Science Daily that questions that theory.

Evolution would postulate that man is the highest animal (although Lewis's statement here does not imply this); this idea contradicts a literal reading of the first three chapters of Genesis and is disputed by creationists.