"‘on the day the Chinese armies came down over the Himalayas to humiliate the Indian fauj’ "

The Hindi word fauj means army, or forces. It is also the name given to the Indian National Army, which is called the Azad Hind Fauj.

From 1951 the People’s Republic of China, itself a relatively new nation having been founded in 1949, entered into a dispute with India over occupation of the region of Tibet (Xizang).

 

 

 

After much mounting tension the Tibetan Revolt occurred in the capital Lhasa in 1959, during which the 14th Dalai Lama and thousands of Tibetan refugees were granted asylum by India. This resulted in a number of military incidences between The  People’s Liberation Army and the Indian fauj at the Aksai Chin Himalayan border and eventually led to the Sino-Indian war of 1962.

The now declassified official CIA report on the Sino-Indian conflict.