Jallianwala Bagh is a public garden in the Northern Indian city of Amritsar. The garden is within the grounds of the Golden Temple, the holiest site for the Sikh Religion and is now a memorial to the 1919 Amritsar Massacre.
After much protest and disruption at the passing of the Rowlatt Act, on 13 April 1919, around 5,000 people attended a Sikh religious festival in the garden in defiance of the British martial law. The crowd was fired on without warning by troops under the command of Brigadier General Reginald Dyer, believing that this gathering was the early signs of a conspiracy for rebellion. More than 300 people were killed.
The massacre only served to intensify Indian protest against British rule and led by Mohandas Gandhi, the Indian Congress Party became a nationwide movement committed to independence.