"‘Gai Wallah’ "

In his later novel Shame, Rushdie refers to the Bollywood film again with the following description:

“Gai-Wallah. Perhaps you've heard of it? An unusual fantasy about a lone, masked hero who roamed the Indo-Gangetic plain liberating herds of beef-cattle from their keepers, saving the sacred, horned, uddered beats from the slaughterhouse.” (Rushdie, 1983)