The Taj Mahal is the finest and most famous example of Mughal architecture in India. A mausoleum located in Agra, India, it was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal (“chosen one of the palace”) who died during the birth of their fourteenth child in 1631.
Emperor Shah Jahan was reportedly inconsolable at the death of his wife and went into secluded mourning for a year. On his return he began planning the design and construction of a suitable resting place for his wife, as a monument to her memory and love.
Construction began in 1632 one year after her death, and the principal mausoleum was completed in 1648. The surrounding buildings and garden were finally finished five years later.
Profile of Mumtaz Mahal here >>