Leonid Brezhnev was First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1964 until his death in 1982. From his mid-70s he suffered from narcotic dependance and had problems with speaking. He survived a heart attack and a clinical death, and finally died from a second heart attack on 10 November 1982.
The ethnographical work of Knud Rasmussen, including legends about the beginnings of polar Eskimos, can be read here.
Auks are sea birds which live on the open sea and visit the land only in order to breed. They live in Europe and North America, including the Arctic areas.
Those interested in this condition can start their research on it here.
The aurochs, extinct since the 17th century, was an ancestor of the domestic cow. It inhabited Europe, Asia and North Africa. Its extinction is thought to have been caused by hunting, climate change, diseases transmitted by domestic cattle, and the narrowing of its natural habitat.
An umiak is a type of boat used in the Arctic region. Unlike a kayak, which is supposed to be a "man's boat", umiak means "woman's boat". They have been made in the same way for centuries, except that metal bolts and screws are now used.