Page 109. " in the company of Aristide "
Jean-Bertrand Aristide meets Bill Clinton in the Oval Office
Public DomainJean-Bertrand Aristide meets Bill Clinton in the Oval Office

Jean-Bertrand Aristide was the first democratically elected president of Haiti. He was first elected in 1991 with 67% of the vote, but was ousted almost immediately in a military coup. He regained power between 1994 and 1996, then again from 2001 to 2004.

Aristide has been accused of widespread human rights abuses during his tenure, as well as drug trafficking, embezzlement, and political corruption. However his party also increased public access to healthcare, created more low-income housing, and improved adult literacy.

Page 116. " he would eventually call 'The Uses of Haiti' "

The Uses of Haiti is Paul Farmer's 1994 book covering the history of Haiti from the 18th century to the present. Farmer outlines the various injustices faced by the rural poor in the country because of the slave economy, feudal economy, and tyrannical rulers during the 1900s. 


Page 119. " when a leaky old ferry named the 'Nepture' had sunk "

The Neptune was an overloaded ferry that sank off the coast of Haiti in February 1993. Officials estimated more than 1,500 Haitians were on the boat, which sank in heavy rainfall on the way to Port-au-Prince.