Jean-Bertrand Aristide was the first democratically elected president of Haiti. He was first elected in 1991 with 67% of the vote, but was ousted almost immediately in a military coup. He regained power between 1994 and 1996, then again from 2001 to 2004.
Aristide has been accused of widespread human rights abuses during his tenure, as well as drug trafficking, embezzlement, and political corruption. However his party also increased public access to healthcare, created more low-income housing, and improved adult literacy.
The Uses of Haiti is Paul Farmer's 1994 book covering the history of Haiti from the 18th century to the present. Farmer outlines the various injustices faced by the rural poor in the country because of the slave economy, feudal economy, and tyrannical rulers during the 1900s.
The Neptune was an overloaded ferry that sank off the coast of Haiti in February 1993. Officials estimated more than 1,500 Haitians were on the boat, which sank in heavy rainfall on the way to Port-au-Prince.