"They were dancing the toi, the township war dance"

The toi toi (or toyi toyi) is a Southern African dance, long used in political protest in South Africa. It involves the stomping of feet and chanting, and may include political slogans or songs.  After the 1976 Soweto massacre, the toi toi as a military march dance became commonplace in massive street demonstrations across South Africa.  Since the advent of democracy in 1994, South Africans continue to use the toi toi to express their grievances against poor service delivery.