"Breyten Breytenbach, the bad boy of Boer literature"
(born 1939) is a South African writer, painter and activist. Breytenbach was a vocal opponent of the apartheid regime. He left South Africa for Paris in the 1960. In 1962 he married Yolande Ngo Thi Hoang Lien, a Vietnamese national. His first published work was Die Ysterkoei Moet Sweet
(The Iron Cow Must Sweat
) (1964), which was described as breaking new ground in Afrikaans poetry.
In France Breytenbach was a founder member of Okhela,
a resistance group fighting apartheid in exile. On a clandestine trip to South Africa in 1975 he was arrested and sentenced to nine years of imprisonment under the Terrorism Act. His work The True Confessions of an Albino Terrorist
describes his imprisonment. He was released in 1982 and returned to Paris.
His work includes numerous volumes of poetry, novels, and essays, many of which are in Afrikaans. His work has been translated into Dutch, English, French and German.