Minister Louis Farrakhan Muhammad, Sr. (born 1933) is the leader of the Chicago-based Nation of Islam. He has been both praised and widely criticized for his often controversial political views and outspoken rhetorical style.
During the late 1950s, he served as assistant minister to Malcolm X at Muhammad's Temple of Islam in Boston, and later became the official minister after Malcolm X was transferred to the Temple in Harlem, New York. After Malcolm X’s death in 1965, Farrakhan became the national spokesman of the NOI. Considered by many to be a competitor to Malcolm X, Farrakhan made numerous incendiary statements about him, contributing to what was called a "climate of vilification" in the period prior to his assassination. Years later, Farrakhan admitted that the NOI had a part in the murder of Malcolm X.
Farrakhan has been the center of much controversy. He has been accused of racism, antisemitism and homophobia. He has frequently associated white people with devils. In 2007, at Mosque Maryam in Chicago, he accused “satanic Jews” of taking over Motown, and stated that “the mind of Satan now is running the record industry. Running the movie industry. Running television."