The Zion Christian Church (or ZCC) is the largest African Initiated Church in southern Africa, with around 3 million followers. It is headquartered at Zion City Moria, in Limpopo. The church was formed in 1924 by Engenas Lekganyane. It was officially registered as a church in 1942, by which time congregations had been established in Botswana and Zimbabwe. The early church was strongly influenced by the Christian Catholic Church of John Alexander Dowie, based in Zion, Illinois in America, and by the teachings of the Pentecostal missionary John G Lake, who began work in Johannesburg in 1908. After Engenas Lekganyane's death in 1948, his son and appointed heir Joseph succeeded him as the leader of the church. However, Joseph's older brother, Edward, contested this, and the church split into two branches. Edward's branch retained the name Zion Christian Church. Joseph's branch came to be called the St. Engenas Zion Christian Church.
open air services, wearing white, blue or green robes and carrying staffs. Every Easter, over a million Zionists make the pilgrimage to Moira, the remote rural headquarters of the church.