Neil Alcock was a farmer, activist and environmentalist. He was born in 1919 in Underberg, Natal. In 1962, he founded Kupugani, a national welfare organisation whose object was to increase the amount of South African food available to the country's African population. From 1967 he devoted himself to improving the lot of some of South Africa's poorest rural black communities. In 1967 he established a Church Agricultural Project among Zulu farmers at the Maria Ratschitz Mission farm in northern Natal. In 1975 he moved to Mdukutshani, in the Msinga district near Weenen in KwaZulu. Here he and his wife Creina dedicated themselves improving the fertility, sustainability and yield of the land, for the benefit of the local African community.