Page 179. " Fangalo, the African Esperanto spoken in the gold mines "

Fanagalo is a simplified language based primarily on Zulu, and incorporating some English and Afrikaans.  It is one of a number of simplified African languages that developed during the colonial period to promote ease of communication. 

African mine workers in a migrant hostel
Public DomainAfrican mine workers in a migrant hostel - Credit: Cape Archives Repository
Fanagalo is used mainly in South Africa’s gold and diamond mines, which employ workers from across South Africa, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe.  During the mid-20th century the South African government made some efforts to promote and standardise Fanagalo as a universal second language, under the name of "Basic Bantu".

Page 183. " a 'public' school, Michaelhouse "
Public DomainMichaelhouse
 Michaelhouse is a secondary boarding school for boys.  It was founded in 1896, by an Anglican Priest, and is recognised as one of South Africa's top schools. The school is situated in a beautifully picturesque setting in Balgowan, in the Midlands of KwaZulu-Natal. 


Spud book series John van de Ruit
Public DomainSpud book series John van de Ruit

Michaelhouse has recently been immortalised in a series of popular South African comic novels by John van de Ruit, chronicling the adventures of Spud Milton. Spud is a not all that cool high school student at an exclusive boarding school, which is easily recognisable as Michaelhouse (the school attended by van de Ruit in the late 1980s and early 1990s).  Spud was published in 2005, followed by Spud - The Madness Continues (2007) and Spud - Learning to Fly (2009). The movie Spud was released in 2010, starring John Cleese.