Page 55. " Carlos Castaneda was cool "

Time Magazine
Public DomainTime Magazine
 Carlos Castaneda (1925 – 1998) was a Peruvian-born American anthropologist and author. He wrote a series of books that describe his training in sorcery, beginning with The Teachings of Don Juan in 1968.  In The Teachings, Don Juan tells Carlos that he is a brujo (a sorcerer or medicine man), who has inherited an ancient tradition whereby he is able to vastly enhance his awareness of, and interaction with, the energies of the Earth and its assorted beings. Don Juan is an expert in the cultivation and use of various psychotropic plants found in the Mexican deserts, which are used as aids to reach states of non-ordinary reality.

Carlos Castaneda
Public DomainCarlos Castaneda

Castaneda's 12 books have sold more than 8 million copies, in 17 languages. In 1973 he withdrew from public view in order to work further on his inner development.  He shared a large house in Los Angeles with three of his female companions, who cut all ties to their friends and families and took new names.  Despite the widespread popularity of Castaneda’s works, their accuracy and validity has been questioned by several critics.

Page 58. " the Reverend Bernie Wrankmore's epic hunger strike "

On 27 September 1969, Imam Abdullah Haron was killed was in the custody of the South African police.  His death caused international condemnation of South Africa's security system. The Reverend Bernie Wrankmore fasted for 40 days on top of Table Mountain, to protest against Haron's death and demand an official inquiry (which was never undertaken).

Haron had been active in several Islamic resistance organisations in the 1960s, and edited the Cape's Muslim News.  He was taken into detention as a result of his activism in 1969.  Four months later the police announced that he had 'accidentally' died. 

 

 

Page 70. " we put Dollar Brand on the tape player "

Dollar Brand was for a time the stage name of South African pianist and composer, Abdullah Ibrahim. Ibrahim was born Adolph Johannes Brand in Cape Town in 1934. His music incorporates traditional African songs, gospel, ragas, and jazz.  He is married to jazz singer Sathima Bea Benjamin, and has two sons, one of whom is New York underground rapper Jean Grae.

He began playing jazz professionally at the age of 15. In 1960 he, together with Kippie Moeketsi and Hugh Masekela as The Jazz Epistles, recorded the first jazz LP by Black South African musicians.  He moved to Europe in 1962. In February 1963, while performing in Zürich, Duke Ellington heard his show. The outcome was a joint recording - Duke Ellington presents The Dollar Brand Trio. The Dollar Brand Trio subsequently played at many European festivals, as well as on radio and television. 

Ibrahim converted to Islam and changed his name in the mid-1970s.  He continues to tour in Europe, the United States, and South Africa. Following the transition to democracy in 1994 he has returned home to Cape Town. 

Page 73. " Nigerian dashiki "

Drummers in Accra, Ghana, wearing dashiki shirts and kufi caps
Creative Commons AttributionDrummers in Accra, Ghana, wearing dashiki shirts and kufi caps - Credit: Emilio Labrador
Dashiki is a Yoruba word, and describes a colorful men's shirt widely worn in West Africa.  It may be formal or informal, and varies from simple draped clothing to fully tailored suits. The dashiki is commonly worn with a cap called a kufi and trousers called sokoto, after Sokoto city in Nigeria.