"The tug Marcus Garvey"
marcus garvey
Public Domainmarcus garvey - Credit: George Grantham Bain Collection

Jamaican Marcus Garvey (1887-1940) was a leader for black self-determinism and the Pan-Africanist movement, and a supporter of the black liberation movement worldwide. 

He set up the Black Star shipping line and sought to persuade people of African descent to return to Africa. 

Rastafarians drew inspiration from him as Garvey prophesied that a guiding black king would be crowned in Africa.