Page 79. " Ice patterns formed and reformed on the screen "

  

 Game of Life, cellular automaton or simulation game by John H. Conway

Patterns in data can be beautiful and alive because of the surprising ways in which the patterns evolve, emerge and self-organize. 

Page 81. " She wore a pink plastic raincoat, a white mesh top, loose white pants cut in a style that had been fashionable in Tokyo the previous year "
visualkei
Creative Commons Attributionvisualkei - Credit: Jacob Ehnmark

Gibson's description of Molly could fit the cosplay characters found at Harajuku Station in Tokyo, Japan.

Cosplay is the hobby of dressing up as a character from an anime, video game, manga, film or science fiction novel like Neuromancer. Cosplay communities started in 1978 in Japan, and grew in worldwide popularity from 1983-4. 

Page 96. " Built for Tessier-Asphool S.A. They won the mainframe and the original software. "

magnetic core memory
GNU Free Documentation Licensemagnetic core memory - Credit: Thierry46

In Alan Turning's 1950 paper he describes a thinking mechanical machine as like a computer, a person whose job it is to do math.

The Loebner Prize is a competitive version of the Turing Test, a benchmark for how far AIs are advancing in human language/intelligence. 

Talk to a Chatbot.

 

Page 99. " A small man, Japanese, enormously polite, who bore all the marks of a vatgrown ninja assassin. "

Kuniyoshi, c. 1843
Public DomainKuniyoshi, c. 1843 - Credit: Kuniyoshi
A Ninja was a covert mercenary of feudal Japan, trained in the arts of assassination, combat, sabotage and espionage.