"The bunk house was a long, rectangular building"
Bunk house at the historic Sod House Ranch in Harney County, Oregon
Public DomainBunk house at the historic Sod House Ranch in Harney County, Oregon - Credit: US Federal Gov. on Wikimedia Commons

A bunk house was a building used to house workers on ranches, usually consisting of one or more long rooms of beds, like a barracks. There was very little privacy, and bunk houses would often be very basic and dirty.  Most lacked indoor plumbing and toilets.

 

Dunn_Ranch_Novillo_Line_Camp_Bunkhouse
Public DomainDunn_Ranch_Novillo_Line_Camp_Bunkhouse - Credit: National Park Service