"a former Hero of the Soviet Union"


This award was created in 1934 and given to individuals who had participated in heroic deeds in the form of the Order of Lenin and a certificate detailing the deed. Five years later, in 1939, the Gold Star medal was introduced to distinguish between those who were merely worthy of merit and those who had carried out truly heroic deeds. Extraordinary success in battle and participation in space, polar and underwater exploration were frequently rewarded with the Gold Star and title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Although the majority of the 11,635 total recipients were citizens of the Soviet Union, Fidel Castro was among the list of foreigners to receive the title.