Asperger's syndrome is a type of autism characterised by (amongst other things) social isolation and eccentric behaviour during the early years. Those with Aspergers often display obsessive levels of interest in a particular hobby and high intelligence levels.
Much of the technology used in Oryx and Crake's futuristic world already exists. Iris recognition uses high resolution images of the iris to identify a person.
Spider goats were created by Nexia Biotecnologies, and the product created from the goats' milk was named Biosteel.
Kirilian photography was accidently discovered by Seymon Kirilian in 1939. He found that if an object is placed on a photographic plate and connected to a high voltage power source, an image is produced on the plate.
Woody Woodpecker was a cartoon character from the Walter Lantz animation studio who was famous for his laugh.
Sea anenomes are water-dwelling predatory animals, with a column-like body and a single opening used to ingest food and expel wastes.
The Bonobo is listed as endangered.