Page 102. " To describe them all would require a book as large as an English-Latin, Latin-English Dictionary "

A Copious and Critical English-Latin Dictionary
Public DomainA Copious and Critical English-Latin Dictionary - Credit:
Education in Victorian schools focused on the classics, namely Latin and Greek language and literature. To enter university or take up a profession required a good knowledge of Latin.

The 1871 American edition of Sir William Smith's and Theophilus Hall's A Copious and Critical English-Latin Dictionary was reprinted in 2000 by Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers. Called Smith's English-Latin Dictionary, this paperback version is 754 pages long, measures 11 x 7.3 x 2 inches and weighs 4.4 pounds.

The California Digital Library has an 1871 Smith's edition available to view online at It is 1,044 pages long. 


Page 109. " there is no path through water to the happy-hunting ground "
Bear Hug, The Last of the Mohicans, J. Fenimore Cooper, 1896. Illustration by F.T. Merrill
Public DomainBear Hug, The Last of the Mohicans, J. Fenimore Cooper, 1896. Illustration by F.T. Merrill - Credit: F.T. Merrill

The Happy Hunting Grounds appear in the Legends of the Nipmuck People. The Nipmuck, or "fresh water" people, lived on the banks of rivers and lakes. Part of the New England Algonquin, the Nipmuck believed that "Upon entry into the "happy hunting grounds," reunions with loved ones would take place.  Ancestors in the Happy Hunting Grounds were believed to have dwelt "in another dimension," rather than "having ceased to exist" at all.

There is some question as to whether the phrase "happy hunting-grounds" was in fact created by a white man, and by one famous author in particular. "Did Native Americans really believe in the "happy hunting grounds?" suggests the phrase is inauthentic. One theory the article poses involves James Fenimore Cooper's most famous novel, The Last of the Mohicans (1826). In the last chapter of the book, this phrase is found:

Why do my brothers mourn? why do my daughters weep? that a young man has gone to the happy hunting-grounds; that a chief has filled his time with honor?

James Fenimore Cooper was one of Barrie's favorite authors. In Peter Pan, Barrie borrows from Stevenson's Treasure Island (1883), so it's clear he was not above appropriating others' works to enhance his own.

Page 123. " To die will be an awfully big adventure "

This is perhaps Peter Pan's most famous line, but it is not an entirely original one. In using it, Barrie displays his knowledge of the classics: the sentiment comes from the ancient Greek philosopher, scientist and physician, Aristotle (384 BC-322 BC).