"It’s important for the public to know that, people who don’t quite understand yet what DNA tests mean."
DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid, is the genetic material found in almost all organisms. Most of an organism’s DNA is found in its cell’s nuclei, but some can also be found in the mitochondria. The information is made up of a sugar and phosphate backbone with complementary nitrogen base pairs. Adenine pairs with thymine while guanine pairs with cytosine. The only organisms that share the same DNA are identical twins. Otherwise, all DNA is unique to the individual. DNA is found in a double helix shape in order to protect the important information that it carries. Another property of DNA is that it is able to replicate itself so that it can fill every new cell with identical information. DNA testing, in order to prove one’s guilt or innocence is 99.99% accurate.
Submitted by student author, Kelsey Weiss