Jan Swammerdam (1637 - 1680), was a Dutch biologist and microscopist whose observation of insects led to the understanding of their life-cycles. He was one of the first to observe and describe red blood cells, and was a pioneer in dissection and the understanding of human and animal anatomy.
A site dedicated to his life and works can be found here.
Pysche is a character from Greek myth, a mortal girl of such beauty that the goddess Aphrodite becomes envious of her. Aphrodite orders her son, Eros, to make Psyche fall in love with a hideous and unworthy creature. But when Eros sees Psyche he falls in love with her. Her full story can be read here.
Prospero is the shipwrecked Duke and sorcerer, and Caliban the monstrous native of an island, in William Shakespeare's play The Tempest.