Brothers Grimm were Jacob (1785 - 1863) and Wilhelm (1786 - 1859), German academics and cultural researchers who collected old European folk stories. Their published collections of folk and fairy tales remain famous as Grimm's Fairy Tales, and contain stories such as Aschenputtel (Cinderella), Der Froschkönig (The Frog Prince), Hänsel und Gretel, and Schneewittchen (Snow White).
Johann Ludwig Tieck (1773 - 1853) was a German poet, novelist, critic and translator of the Romantic movement. He published a collection of Märchen - folk or fairy tales - with titles such as Die Elfen, Der Runenberg, and Der blonde Eckbert.
Mary Shelley (1797 - 1851) first conceived of the idea for her most famous work - Frankenstein: or, The Modern Prometheus - in 1816, after discussing with her husband, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and their friend Lord Byron, the subject of galvanism and the possibility of bringing a corpse back to life. The essence of her novel later came to her in a waking dream. The seed of the novel, however, was planted earlier than this, with the premature and still-birth of her first child.
Gadarene swine refers to a story in the Bible (Mark 5: 11-13) in which demons are possessing a man. Jesus sends the demons into a herd of pigs which then run down a steep cliff and into the sea where they are drowned.
Cumaean Sibyl was a priestess and prophetess of Roman mythology, granted long life (but not eternal youth) by the god Apollo. Over a thousand years her body withered away until it became so small that she was kept in a jar.
Emily Elizabeth Dickinson (1830 - 1886), was an American poet - a very private person and a homebody by choice. Her poems were unconventional in form for the era, with broken rhymes and seemingly random capitalisation and punctuation, and few were published during her lifetime. The first collection of her work was published in 1890.
Emily Dickinson Archive
Emily Dickinson Museum
The Battle of Agincourt was fought in 1415, and was a victory for the English army against the French during the Hundred Years' War.
Simone Weil (1909 - 1943) was a French philosopher and social activist.
The poem can be read here.
The Henry Moore Foundation