" Matlock "
View in Matlock Dale, Looking South to Black Rock Escarpment (1780 oil on canvas) - Credit: Joseph Wright
is a town in Derbyshire, in the Peak District.
" Chatsworth "
Chatsworth House in Derbyshire is the seat of the Duke of Devonshire. It is one of the places on Lizzy's route with her uncle and aunt, and may have been Austen's inspiration for Pemberley.
" Dovedale "
is a valley in the Peak District
, through which passes the River Dove. It has been a tourist attraction since the 18th century.
" the Peak "
The Peak refers to the Peak District of England, mainly located in the county of Derbyshire. The name is misleading; most of the terrain is formed of gently rounded hills.
As with the Lakes, increased tourism to the Peak District inspired many guide books such as this one, on its seventh edition in 1827: A Guide to the Peak of Derbyshire, containing a concise account of Buxton, Matlock, and Castleton, and other remarkable places, written by the Rev. R. Ward.
" rob it of a few petrified spars "
is a lightly coloured crystal which naturally occurs in geometrical, smooth-sided shapes.
Derbyshire spars are mostly calcite, though Derbyshire Blue John or fluorite was also appreciated for its colour.
" Oxford "
A city in southern England, Oxford is nicknamed "The City of Dreaming Spires". It is famous for its university, the oldest in England.
" Blenheim "
Bleinheim Palace in Oxfordshire was built for John Churchill, the first Duke of Marlborough, in 1705-1724. It was the birthplace of Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
" Warwick "
is an old medieval walled city in Warwickshire
, though only the two gates that were once part of the wall still stand. It is home to the impressive Warwick Castle
" a narrow walk amidst the rough coppice-wood "
A coppice-wood is an area of trees regularly trimmed for firewood, poles and sticks.
" they saw a gentleman and a lady in a curricle "
A curricle was a small two-wheeled carriage, just big enough for the driver and one passenger, pulled by two horses. It was commonly used at the beginning of the 19th century by young men who liked to drive themselves.