Page 231. " Matlock "

View in Matlock Dale, Looking South to Black Rock Escarpment (1780 oil on canvas)
Public DomainView in Matlock Dale, Looking South to Black Rock Escarpment (1780 oil on canvas) - Credit: Joseph Wright
 Matlock is a town in Derbyshire, in the Peak District.


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Page 231. " Chatsworth "
How Chatsworth used to look
Creative Commons AttributionHow Chatsworth used to look - Credit: Ben Sutherland, Flickr

 Chatsworth House in Derbyshire is the seat of the Duke of Devonshire. It is one of the places on Lizzy's route with her uncle and aunt, and may have been Austen's inspiration for Pemberley.


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Page 231. " Dovedale "

Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeDovedale - Credit: llamnudds, Flickr
 Dovedale is a valley in the Peak District, through which passes the River Dove. It has been a tourist attraction since the 18th century.

Dovedale sketch - 18th century
Public DomainDovedale sketch - 18th century - Credit: Samuel Hieronymus Grimm

Page 231. " the Peak "
Ladybower Reservoir, Peak District
GNU Free Documentation LicenseLadybower Reservoir, Peak District - Credit: Espresso Addict, Wikipedia Commons

The Peak refers to the Peak District of England, mainly located in the county of Derbyshire. The name is misleading; most of the terrain is formed of gently rounded hills.

As with the Lakes, increased tourism to the Peak District inspired many guide books such as this one, on its seventh edition in 1827: A Guide to the Peak of Derbyshire, containing a concise account of Buxton, Matlock, and Castleton, and other remarkable places, written by the Rev. R. Ward.

Peak District, View north from Barrow Moor
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikePeak District, View north from Barrow Moor - Credit: Eirian Evans, Geograph Project

Page 231. " rob it of a few petrified spars "
Moss Rake, England (where Derbyshire spar is now quarried)
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeMoss Rake, England (where Derbyshire spar is now quarried) - Credit: Dave Dunford, Geograph Project
A spar is a lightly coloured crystal which naturally occurs in geometrical, smooth-sided shapes.

Derbyshire spars are mostly calcite, though Derbyshire Blue John or fluorite was also appreciated for its colour.


Calcite from England
GNU Free Documentation LicenseCalcite from England - Credit: Ra'ike, Wikipedia Commons


Page 231. " Oxford "
University of Oxford
Public DomainUniversity of Oxford - Credit: Wallace Wong

A city in southern England, Oxford is nicknamed "The City of Dreaming Spires". It is famous for its university, the oldest in England.

Oxford location
GNU Free Documentation LicenseOxford location - Credit: ChrisO, Wikipedia Commons

Page 231. " Blenheim "


Blenheim Palace
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeBlenheim Palace - Credit: Nigel's Europe, Flickr

Bleinheim Palace in Oxfordshire was built for John Churchill, the first Duke of Marlborough, in 1705-1724. It was the birthplace of Prime Minister Winston Churchill.


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Page 231. " Warwick "
Warwick castle
Creative Commons AttributionWarwick castle - Credit: Snake3yes, Flickr
 Warwick is an old medieval walled city in Warwickshire, though only the two gates that were once part of the wall still stand. It is home to the impressive Warwick Castle.

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Page 231. " Kenelworth "
Kenilworth Castle
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeKenilworth Castle - Credit: RATAEDL, Flickr

 Kenilworth is a town in Warwickshire.

One of the main landmarks is the ruin of Kenilworth Castle.

Page 243. " a narrow walk amidst the rough coppice-wood "
Channel through the trees formed by coppicing - Coldfall wood
Creative Commons AttributionChannel through the trees formed by coppicing - Coldfall wood - Credit: markhillary, Flickr

A coppice-wood is an area of trees regularly trimmed for firewood, poles and sticks.

Page 245. " Bakewell "
All Saint's Parish Church, Bakewell
Creative Commons AttributionAll Saint's Parish Church, Bakewell - Credit: The Rev. Kev., Flickr
 Bakewell is a small market village in Derbyshire, close to Chatsworth House.

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Page 248. " they saw a gentleman and a lady in a curricle "

A curricle was a small two-wheeled carriage, just big enough for the driver and one passenger, pulled by two horses. It was commonly used at the beginning of the 19th century by young men who liked to drive themselves.