Page 29. " milliner's shop just over the way "
Millinery shop
Public DomainMillinery shop - Credit: Chalon

Milliners were usually women who made hats, cloaks, shirts and other garments, or traded them. 

Now the term is chiefly used to denote a hatter (someone who makes hats).

Page 29. " recent arrival of a militia regiment "
Camp of the British 43rd Regiment in 1755
Public DomainCamp of the British 43rd Regiment in 1755 - Credit: Lewis Parker

The militia was composed of civilians who would serve in emergencies.

A full regiment may contain from a few hundred to a couple of thousand soldiers. It is commanded by a Colonel.

England's volatile relationship with France following the Napoleonic Wars meant that a well-trained army was extremely important.

Page 30. " when opposed to the regimentals of an ensign "
Officer and Private, 1812
Public DomainOfficer and Private, 1812 - Credit: Raymond Smythies, Cpt. R. H.

Until 1871, the ensign was the lowest commanding officer rank in a regiment.

'Regimentals' are the specific uniform and insignia worn to distinguish different regiments from each other.


Page 31. " much rather go in the coach "
A coach was a large carriage with a driver, usually closed and pulled by four horses.
Page 33. " jumping over stiles "
Stiles in Hertfordshire
Creative Commons AttributionStiles in Hertfordshire - Credit: TheLizardQueen, Flickr

Steps in the countryside which allow people to cross fences or walls impassable to livestock. 

Page 34. " The apothecary came "
The apothecary came
Public DomainThe apothecary came - Credit: Hugh Thomson

The Apothecary C. Morelot in his pharmacy - 1719
Public DomainThe Apothecary C. Morelot in his pharmacy - 1719 - Credit: C. Souville
The apothecary, ancestor of the pharmacist, made, prescribed and sold medicines.

Page 34. " promised her some draughts "
Creative Commons AttributionDraught - Credit: Jennie Faber, Flickr
Creative Commons AttributionPharmacy - Credit: Spigoo, Flickr

Draughts were the potions or medicines made and supplied by the apothecary.

Apothecaries were paid for the medicine, not for their advice or time, so they would usually offer draughts for any and all ailments, in excessive quantities.

Page 36. " I hope you saw her petticoat, six inches deep in mud, I am absolutely certain; and the gown which had been let down to hide it "
Fashionable evening dresses - 1818
Public DomainFashionable evening dresses - 1818

The gown was a woman's skirted overgarment, worn over one or more petticoats.

The petticoat was an undergarment, often finished in lace. It was typically made to be seen, with the gown cut shorter than the petticoat.

Page 36. " somewhere near Cheapside "
Cheapside and Bow Church - 1837
Public DomainCheapside and Bow Church - 1837 - Credit: W, Albutt

 Cheapside is a street near St Paul's Cathedral in the City of London, so named as it was once a market area; cheap was a market in medieval English.


Google Map


As Cheapside was linked to trade, it was not looked upon as a desirable place to live by the gentry.  These days, it is extremely valuable real estate.

Page 37. " found the whole party at loo "

A trick-taking card game, also called Lanterloo, that was quite popular in the 17th century.

Page 38. " I cannot comprehend the neglect of a family library in such days as these "

Pride and Prejudice is set during a particularly exciting period for English literature and philosophy. Aside from the classics, Mr Darcy could furnish his library with poetry by Blake, Byron, Wordsworth and Keats, or with historical and philosophical works by Gibbon, Rousseau or Samuel Johnson, to name but a few.

Page 38. " half as delightful as Pemberley "
Lyme Park with the lake
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeLyme Park with the lake - Credit: oosp, Flickr

Mr Darcy's Pemberley is in Derbyshire. It was represented by Renishaw Hall in the 1980 BBC version, Lyme Park in the 1995 BBC television series and Chatsworth House in the movie of 2005.

Some people believe Pemberley was inspired by Chatsworth, because of its location and some similarities to Austen's description.


Lyme Park
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeLyme Park - Credit: plumandjello, Flickr


Page 44. " I have been used to consider poetry as the food of love "

Orsino and Viola
Public DomainOrsino and Viola - Credit: Frederick Richard Pickersgill
Mr Darcy is making rather free use of Shakespeare's Twelfth Night:



If music be the food of love, play on;
Give me excess of it, that, surfeiting,
The appetite may sicken, and so die.

Act I, Scene 1

Page 46. " were at piquet "
Picket cards deck
Public DomainPicket cards deck - Credit: Polybius, Wikipedia Commons

A card game for two players, with a special 32-card deck. Piquet was first mentioned at the beginning of the 16th century.

For the very curious, here is a book written specifically on this game in 1881: The Laws of Piquet, edited by Cavendish and adopted by the Portland club.

Page 50. " opportunity of dancing a reel "

A reel is a lively folk dance for at least three dancers. If Elizabeth had accepted, they would still have needed another dancer.

As Miss Bingley was playing the piano, it would have been either Mrs Hurst or Mr Bingley.