Page 278. " where they last changed horses, see the postilions "
A Coach With Two Extra Horses, Ridden by a Postilion - 1793
Public DomainA Coach With Two Extra Horses, Ridden by a Postilion - 1793 - Credit: Rowlandson

A postilion rode on one of the horses (usually the left one) pulling a carriage. His job was either to guide the extra horses or to guide the carriage if there was no driver.

Under normal circumstances, a carriage would hire horses to make better speed. It was the postilion's job to go with the horses all the way to the next stop, where he and the horses would be replaced.

Page 284. " East Bourne "
Eastbourne pier
Creative Commons AttributionEastbourne pier - Credit: Jordan Hoskins, Flickr

Eastbourne, written as East Bourne in Austen's time, is located in East Sussex.

Google Map
Page 288. " if he takes her with a farthing less than ten thousand pounds "
Farthing of George III - 1807
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeFarthing of George III - 1807 - Credit: woody1778a, Flickr

A farthing was an English coin of very little worth (1/4 of a penny or 1/960 of a pound). It was still in use until 1960.

Page 288. " Wickham has not six-pence of his own "
George III sixpence coins - 1787 & 1818
Public DomainGeorge III sixpence coins - 1787 & 1818

A sixpence was a coin worth 1/40 of a pound. It was in use from 1551 to 1971, when Britain adopted decimal coinage.

 

 

Page 290. " all the particulars of calico, muslin, and cambric "
Calico fabric
Creative Commons AttributionCalico fabric - Credit: pareeerica, Flickr

Calico is a fabric made of unbleached cotton. It is not dyed and was often made from cotton that was not completely processed, leaving small brownish dots in the fabric. It is a sturdy material.

 

 

Muslin sheets
Creative Commons AttributionMuslin sheets - Credit: Stanzii, Wikipedia Commons

Muslin is a thin cotton fabric, loosely woven so that it is extremely light and almost transparent.

 

 

Linen sleeve lined with red cotton cambric
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeLinen sleeve lined with red cotton cambric - Credit: kellyhogaboom, Flickr

 Cambric, or batiste, is a light cotton or linen fabric, opaque and quite soft.

Page 294. " would not advance a guinea "
Guinea of George III - 1795
GNU Free Documentation LicenseGuinea of George III - 1795 - Credit: Carlomorino, Wikipedia Commons

The guinea was the first machine-made gold coin, in use between 1663 and 1813. Its name came from the West African region of Guinea (not the country), from where much of the gold was sourced.

At first, one guinea was worth 1 pound, or 20 shillings. As gold prices rose, the price of the guinea fluctuated (up to 30 shillings) until in 1717 it was fixed at 21 shillings.

Long after the coin was withdrawn from circulation, prices for luxury and high class goods and services were quoted in guineas.

Page 296. " intention to go into the regulars "

The militia was the civil branch of the army. Financial incentives were offered to militia men who joined the regular army. It was a way to recruit new personnel who were already trained and accustomed to military life.

Page 300. " Newcastle "
Newcastle-upon-Tyne from New Chatham - 1832
Public DomainNewcastle-upon-Tyne from New Chatham - 1832 - Credit: William Miller

 Newcastle upon Tyne is a big city in the North East of England, in Tyne and Wear.

Google Map