Sir Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640) was a German-born artist who was brought up in Antwerp in what is now Belgium. As an adult, he worked in Antwerp, Italy and Spain, and his paintings are said to have been significantly influenced by the work of the Venetian painter Titian. He was a prolific artist who painted religious and mythological subjects, landscapes and hunt scenes, portraits and self-portraits. A recently-discovered painting by Rubens, The Massacre of the Innocents, sold for £49.5 million pounds in 2002.
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (1606-1669) was a Dutch painter who is considered one of the most talented in European art history. He is particularly remembered for his portraits, self-portraits and biblical scenes. His other work includes almost 400 prints of various types, which are usually referred to collectively as his etchings.