"I remember her once as Madame Pompadour"
Madame de Pompadour (1759)
Public DomainMadame de Pompadour (1759) - Credit: François Boucher

 Madame de Pompadour (1721-1764), whose full name and title was Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour, was the fourth official mistress of Louis XV of France. Her nickname amongst her family and friends was Reinette ('little queen').

She married at the age of 19, and had two children with her husband, but the couple's official separation was announced following her installation in 1745 as Louis' mistress, a position she retained until her death.  It was King Louis who gave her the title Madame de Pompadour.

She was painted on many occasions by various artists, including François Boucher and  Maurice Quentin de La Tour.


La Marquise de Pompadour (between 1748 and 1755)
Public DomainLa Marquise de Pompadour (between 1748 and 1755) - Credit: Maurice Quentin de La Tour