"dressed as a Chinese mandarin"
Qing Dynasty mandarin
Public DomainQing Dynasty mandarin - Credit: unknown

A mandarin was a high-ranking public official in the bureaucracy of Imperial China. Between 605 and 1905, officials were selected by a process known as imperial examination. This replaced a previous selection process known as the nine rank system.

Yuan Chen, a mandarin and poet
Public DomainYuan Chen, a mandarin and poet - Credit: unknown