In Victorian times, a chemise was a sleeveless (or, sometimes, shortsleeved), fine cotton, knee-length undergarment worn by women beneath their corsets.
In the 1930s, the term chemise was used to describe various kinds of short petticoats made of silk or rayon, which sometimes had in-built, culotte-style knickers. The main picture above shows a 1930s sewing pattern for chemises.
Today, chemise is used to describe various kinds of very short petticoats, which may be loose, or tight-fitting.
Click here to see a Victorian chemise.
Click here to see a modern chemise.
The Times newspaper had a prestigious bookshop at 42 Wigmore Steet which closed in the late 1960s. They also ran a book club from the same premises.
Click here to see a picture of the interior of The Times Bookshop in 1957.
In Roman mythology, Cupid (sometimes known as Amor) is the god of erotic love. He is often depicted carrying a bow and arrow. His Greek equivalent is Eros.
Cupid is sometimes portrayed in painting and sculpture as a slender youth, but also on occasions as a chubby winged baby or very young boy, carrying a bow and quiver of arrows. The latter depictions are known as putti or amorini.
A Bath Oliver is a thin, crisp, dry biscuit which is often eaten with cheese.
It was invented by William Oliver, a physician from Bath, in about 1750. It is made from flour, butter, yeast and milk.
Hares and Hounds, sometimes known as Paper Chase or Chalk Chase, is a game which was popular in Victorian England. It was played both by children and by older boys within the English public school system.
At the start of the game, one of the players is designated hare, the rest of the players being hounds. The hare then sets off alone, leaving a trail of paper shreds behind him/her. After a certain interval, the other partcipants in the game follow, their objective being to catch the hare.
A sou'wester is a waterproof hat, traditionally worn by fishermen. It has a wide brim, longer at the back than at the front to prevent rainwater running down the back of the neck. Sou'westers were traditionally made of oilskin, a heavy cotton material waterproofed with oil. Sou'wester is also sometimes the name given to an oilskin coat. Such a coat and hat may be referred to simply as oilskins.
Sou'westers are often bright yellow in colour.
Eucalyptus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs which contains more than 700 species. It is particularly prevalent in Australia (where Eucalyptus trees are known as gumtrees), with only 15 species being native to other parts of the world. Australian Eucalyptus species were introduced to other parts of the world from the late 18th century onwards.