And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do.
1 Samuel 28:15
Osier is a form of willow, a deciduous plant which is strong yet supple and often used in basket weaving.
Cannibalism, the eating of humans, was once practised widely by tribes throughout the world, particularly in island communities. Very few tribes still practise cannibalism, although one that does is the Korowai of New Guinea.
Following Christopher Columbus’ discovery of America in 1492, the Spanish colonised large parts of Central and South America, often capturing territory in bloody wars. Their cruelties in building the Spanish Empire was one of Defoe’s major themes.
The bowels were generally believed to be the primary source of deep emotions.
Today, the very largest among us eschew eating children and building heavenly palaces for careers in wrestling and the movies:
Solstices occur twice a year, in June and December, when the sun reaches its northernmost or southernmost point relative to the Earth’s axis. Traditionally, they were important religious festivals, and druid ceremonies still take place at sites like Stonehenge.
The terms Summer and Winter Solstice can be misleading as the seasons depend on the hemisphere. Sailors prefer the terms Northern and Southern Solstice, as these indicate the position of the Sun.
The Southern Solstice occurs in December.
When a ship was sinking in a storm, the crew would sometimes break up goods or parts of the deck and throw them overboard, in order to lighten the vessel.
The Naturalists were natural philosophers who were committed to reason and explaining the reality of the world. They saw science and philosophy as part of the same continuum, and Naturalism can be seen as the basis of all modern science.