Defoe gradually sets out a trade route between Spain and her South American colonies.
Later, another ship confirms that Crusoe was right in his suppositions.
There are many interpretations for what Crusoe’s original sin was. The most common would be disobeying his father, but plenty of other readings can be found.
This refers to the method of execution adopted in continental Europe, where a sword was preferred for decapitation. The axe was used in England until 1747, and was far less clean and quick than the sword. Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII’s second wife, famously asked for a sword to be used for her execution.
For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves
The Orinoco river is the second largest in South America. It flows through Venezuela and Colombia, and was first discovered by Columbus in 1498.
Caribs have largely been displaced in the West Indies by people of European and African origin. A few survive on islands such as Dominica, but the Carib language is thought to be extinct.
Santa Marta is a port on Colombia's north coast. It was one of the first cities to be founded in the country and remains an important centre of tourism and commerce.
This passage contains references to several New Testament texts:
For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment 2 Peter 2:4
Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels Matthew 25:41
And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand Revelation 20:1
Abraham is considered by Jews, Christians and Muslims to be the founding father of Israel.