abroad
in a foreign country or unfamiliar area
adze
tool for cutting or slicing the surface of wood, similar to an axe
affection(s)
a state of mind, usually highly emotional
ague
a bad fever with malarial-like symptoms
Algerines
pirate ships which looted in the Mediterranean Sea
antient
flag, banner
Barbary
the coast of North Africa, roughly what is now known as Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia
Barco-Longo
a long-boat, the largest launch boat carried by a ship
bays
rough, woollen material
Bills of Exchange
cheques
bisket
a hard and long-lasting bread carried on ships, it was a large feature of the diet of sailors undertaking long journeys
boltsprit
a beam projecting forward from the front of the ship which rigging is attached to
brace
pair
calenture
a tropical disease usually found amongst sailors
chop'd upon
happened upon
cordial waters
liqueurs which were believed to have tonic or medicinal uses
crow
a metal bar used as a lever, ‘crowbar’
distemper
sickness, fever
Doubloons
Spanish gold coins
dram
a small measure of drink, usually alcohol used as a restorative
drills
small streams
ducats
gold coins
engagement
promise, obligation
essays
attempts
fathom
depth of water corresponding to 6 feet/2 metres
flag(g)s
rushes, thin flat leaves
fluxes
diarrhoea, dysentery
founder
sink ie. a ship
fowling-piece
small gun used to shoot birds
gridiron
iron cooking frame to stand over a fire
gross
twelve dozen
guinea trader
slave trader
hand-barrow
stretcher
hogshead
large barrel used for storing liquid
jerkin
waistcoat
league
distance corresponding to three miles
magazine
store of ammunition
miscarry'd
shipwrecked, struck by a disaster
moiety
half
Moors
Muslims who lived in North Africa (Barbary – see above)
moydors
Portugese gold coins
oakum
strands of rope mixed with tar to make a waterproof material
opticks
eyes
peck
measure of dry goods equivalent to 2 gallons
periagua
large South American canoe
pilot
guide
rack
a kind of native liqueur
runlets
casks for holding alcohol
ryals
Spanish silver coins
score
twenty
shift
make-do, manage
shoor off
repel
slugs
roughly made bullets
small shot
small bullets
spatter-dashes
gaiters
strait
narrow channel, entrance to a larger body of water
succades
sweets
swan-shot
large bullets
ticklish
insecure, unsteady
tinder-box
waterproof box holding materials for lighting a fire eg. flints
vapours
hysteria, depression, nervous problems
Vernal Equinox
Spring Equinox (when day and night are the same length)
victuals, vittle
food supplies
viz.
that is to say – videlicet
waft
signal, wave