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Page 161. " no executioner in Germany "
Execution by the Sword in Russia
Public DomainExecution by the Sword in Russia - Credit: The Yorck Project

 This refers to the method of execution adopted in continental Europe, where a sword was preferred for decapitation. The axe was used in England until 1747, and was far less clean and quick than the sword. Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII’s second wife, famously asked for a sword to be used for her execution.