The Christian feast of the Epiphany celebrates the coming of the Wise Men to worship at the manger containing the baby Jesus.
Litergical chants, such as the Gregorian chant Omnes de Saba, the Gradual for the feast of the Epiphany, reenact the drama of the story.
Rosaries are used in prayer as a physical way of keeping count of Hail Marys.
German theologian and botanist,Otto Brufels, (1488-1534) is known as the father of botany.
His Herbarum marked the beginning of scientific plant classification.
The belief that by enduring pain one makes a connection to their spirit. Methods of this type of penance in the 1500's were starvation, the wearing of belts of nails and hairshirts, and self flagulation with a whip.
Sleeping potions or "drowsy syrups" were widely used in the Renaissance. Apothecaries of the Middle Ages in Europe stocked "spongia somnifera," a sponge soaked in wine and various herbs such as the bark of mandrake or the juice of lettuce.