Astrocytoma
A type of cancer of the brain that originate in star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes. This type of tumor doesn't usually spread outside the brain and spinal cord and it doesn't usually affect other organs.
Cannula
A small tube that is inserted into the body for the delivery or retrieval of fluids.
Chlorhexadine
A chemical antiseptic
Chorea
Abnormal, involuntary movement disorder
CID
Criminal Investigation Unit of British Police
Craniotomy
A surgical opening in the skull.
CT Scan
AKA CAT Scan. A brain imaging technique.
Dopamine
A chemical in the brain that plays a role in regulating a role in regulating attention, cognition, movement, pleasure, and hormonal processes.
EVD
External Ventricular Drain - a device used in neurosurgery that relieves raised intracranial pressure and hydrocephalus when the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid around the brain is obstructed.
Exogenous
A factor coming from outside of the body.
Extradural
Bleeding on the brain - occurring in a different location to subdural
Fovea
A part of the eye responsible for our central, sharpest vision.
GCS
Glasgow Coma Scale - Neurological scale used to assess and report patient consciousness.
Huntington's Disease
An incurable neurodegenerative genetic disorder that affects muscle coordination and some cognitive functions, typically becoming noticeable in middle age.
ICU
Intensive Care Unit
in the club
pregnant
Laminectomy
The removal of bony humps on vertebrae through surgery.
MCA Aneurysm
Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysm
Meningioma
A tumour of the central nervous system.
MRI Scan
Magnetic Resonance Imaging - A brain imaging technique
Naloxone
A drug used to counter opioid overdose.
Pituitary apoplexy
Spontaneous bleeding of the pituitary gland.
Pruritus
An itch
Saccadic system
To do with the ability of the eye to scan and move around.
Schwannoma
a tumour of the tissue that covers nerves, called the nerve sheath. These tumours develop from a type of cell called a Schwann cell, which gives them their name.
Subdural haematoma
Bleeding on the brain.
Superior cereballar vermis
An area of the brain
Thalamus
A structure in the brain responsible for, among other things, the regulation of consciousness.
Thermocoagulation
Using heat to congeal flesh.
Thiopentone
A fast-acting barbituate used for anaesthetic
Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy
Removal of the pituitary gland.
Trigeminal neuralgia
Also called tic douloureux. Inflammation of the trigeminal nerve (the fifth cranial nerve) that most commonly causes very intense lightning pain in the areas of the face the nerve supplies - the lips, eye, nose, scalp, forehead, gums, cheek, and chin - on the involved side of the face.
Vestibular
To do with the inner ear.
WMD
Weapons of Mass Destruction