Mythological tales surrounding the fig tree are found in many ancient cultures. In Ancient Roman mythology, a sacred fig tree is associated with the legend of Romulus, the founder of the city of Rome. In Hinduism, the fig tree symbolized wisdom and immortality; the Banyan and the Pipul trees that are associated with the life of the Buddha are also species of fig tree.
The fig tree and its fruit, the fig, are symbolically mentioned in the Holy Bible, subject to varied scholarly interpretations. Adam and Eve wrapped themselves in fig leaves for modesty, after eating the fruit of temptation, which proves that the fig tree also occurred in the Garden of Eden.