Bast fibers derived from hemp are used for non-woven carpet yarn, rope, traditional carpets, hessian or burlap, paper, sacks, etc. The production of these fibers is a very labour intensive process.
After harvesting, the hemp stalks are soaked in water to enable the bark-like bast fibers to separate from the inner woody core. After this the plants are dried and then the fiber is shaken out, and cleaned. Bast fibers, such as jute, are also used for spinning and weaving into textiles.