There lived once upon a time a king of the Śākya, a scion of the solar race, whose name was Śuddhodana. He was pure in conduct, and beloved of the Śākya like the autumn moon. He had a wife, splendid, beautiful, and steadfast, who was called the Great Māyā, from her resemblance to Māyā the Goddess.
—Buddhacarita of Aśvaghoṣa, I.1-2
Shakya, (Sanskrit: शाक्य and Pāli:Sākya) was an ancient kingdom of South Asia in the 1st century BC. In Buddhist texts, the Śākyas are mentioned as a warrior clan of Gotama gotra (descendants in an unbroken male line from a common male ancestor.) ruling over the independent kingdom at the foothills of the Himālayas. The Śākya capital was Kapilavastu (Pāli: Kapilavatthu), currently situated in Nepal.
Gautama Buddha was a member of the Sakya clan and was later known as the founder of Buddhism. The Brahmin Sonadanda described him as "handsome, good-looking, and pleasing to the eye, with a most beautiful complexion. He has a godlike form and countenance, he is by no means unattractive."(D,I:115).