The four Vedas - Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda - are the primary texts of Hinduism and include the
The Atharva Veda is associated with the ancient poet Atharvan (The Wise Old One), means “the Veda of the Wise and the Old”. The last of the Vedas, the Atharva Veda contains many hymns from the Rig Veda and some popular magic spells which makes it unique in itself. It is also a great source of information on the life of common people in Vedic times.
The Rig Veda and the Atharva Veda lay the foundation stone of Ayurveda, the ancient Indian science of medicine, while the practice of Yoga is rooted within the Yajur Veda. Dr. David Frawley defines Ayurveda as the “healing side” and Yoga as the “practical side” of Vedic teaching.
The Yajur Veda contains rituals and yogic practices for purifying the mind and awakening the inner consciousness. The Yajur Veda is compiled as two major samhitas, or collections, the Black Yajur Veda that deals with explanation of the rituals, and the White Yajur Veda focuses on the liturgy.