Mount Vesuvius, the volcano that buried Pompeii and Herculaneum in AD 79, is known as Monte Vesuvio in Italian. One of the carnival’s sideshow freaks, “the Lava Sipper,” is named Vesuvio to evoke that explosive and devastating volcanic event.

The photograph at right was taken by US Air Force B-24 tailgunner John Reinhardt in March 1944, during the Second World War.