The Battle of Jericho was the first battle fought by the Israelites during their conquest of Canaan, which would eventually become the Holy Land. It is described in the Book of Joshua (5:13-6:27). The story goes that the walls of the city collapsed after Joshua’s army marched around it and blew their trumpets. Although hailed in a traditional American spiritual, “Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho,” stirringly recorded by Mahalia Jackson among others, historians and archaeologists have questioned the historical accuracy of the biblical account. Many believe that the city had been abandoned by the time of the Israelite conquest.
This image of Jericho's walls falling down as an Israelite priest blows his horn is from the 14th century Icelandic manuscript AM 227 fol. 71v. in the care of the Árni Magnússon Institute in Iceland.