"The venerable German shorthand method (Gabelsberger)"

Gabelsberger shorthand, introduced in 1817, was used primarily in Germany and Austria. Named for its creator Franz Xavier Gabelsberger, the shorthand created a means of simplified note taking. It had its own alphabet and utilized its own symbols for both vowels and consonants. Considered an advanced method of record keeping, all shorthands that would follow in Germany were in some way or other based on this.