Between July and September of 1942, 254,000 to 300,000 Jews were deported from the Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka extermination camp. Due to the large numbers all being deported at the same time, and the rumors that started to surface following these deportations, it became apparent that deportation meant a death sentence.
These rumors convinced the residents of the Warsaw Ghetto that they had nothing to lose; their only alternative was to fight. In early 1943, an uprising occurred in the Warsaw Ghetto. It led to massive casualties on both sides and disquieted the Nazi party sufficiently that the order was given to wipe out the Warsaw Ghetto completely. Not only were all remaining residents of the Ghetto to be liquidated, but the Ghetto itself was razed.