Theodore Bilbo was a Southern Democratic politician who served two terms as Governor of the State of Mississippi, as well as a term as U.S. Senator.
Considered a staunch racist, he not only sought the advancement of the segregation cause, but worked hard to make his name synonymous with white supremacy. He was proud of his racist opinions, and was vocal in his support of the white supremacy movement. He believed in the inferiority of the black race, and was an active member of the Ku Klux Klan.
Bilbo is said to be one of the best governors that ever served Mississippi. His progressive programs strongly benefited the community. He brought about the improvement of state infrastructure, the establishment of state-maintained roads, and the building of hospitals. However, his progressive advancements were overshadowed by his racist stance and his support of the white supremists.
The Mason-Dixon line marks the border between four states in America. It is seen as a symbolic border between the North and South of the country. The line was drawn up in the 1760s by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in response to a border dispute in the (then) British colonies of America.
Pogroms are mob attacks on a specific group or section of a community. The most frequently occurring pogroms throughout history have been those carried out against Jewish populations. The purpose is to bring terror, chaos and destruction to the people targeted, and possibly to drive the group out of the community.
Perhaps the most famous pogrom of all is that which occurred in Nazi Germany in November 1938, signalling the beginning of the Holocaust. Known as Kristallnacht, or the night of broken glass, it remains a horrifying testament to the devastation and destruction of pogroms.