The city we now know as St Petersburg has been called many things in its 307-year history. Founded by Tsar Peter I in 1703, it was capital of the Russian empire for two hundred years. Following the Revolution of 1917, St Petersburg's proximity to the Finnish border meant that Moscow became Russia's capital and as World War I loomed, the city's German-sounding name was changed to Petrograd in 1918. In 1924, three days after Vladimir Ilyich Lenin's death, the city was renamed Leningrad. In 1991, on the same day as the first Russian Presidential election, the name St Petersburg was chosen in a referendum, but only by 54% of voters.
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