andirons
Metal stands for holding wood burning in a fireplace
Antinomianism
A Christian belief in the value of God's grace over the importance of living by the law (heretical at the time the novel was written)
arborescence
Being like or having the quality of a tree
Benedicte
A religious blessing recited in church
clap-net
A net trap for catching birds that claps shut when triggered by movement
coquette
A flirtatious, fickle woman; a tease
coz
Short for cousin
culverts
Channels to carry run-off water
dolorifuge
Something that lessens or banishes distress
eclat
brilliant show, applause (French)
factotum
Someone employed to take on any jobs that need doing
gig
A two-wheeled horse-drawn cart
gins
Traps set to catch birds
going azew
Drying up; cows udders cease to yield milk if they are not milked thoroughly
guindée
Stilted, starchy (French)
haggler
Someone who makes a living by buying goods cheaply and selling them on for profit
hay-trusser
Someone who makes a living bundling up and selling hay
heterodoxy
Any views or beliefs that conflict with orthodox opinion
knacker
Abattoir
maiden
A young, unmarried woman; a virgin
meads
Meadows
milchers
Milk-yielding cows
niaiseries
Nonsense, rubbish (French)
nimbus
The ringed disc around the head of sacred figures in religious art
ostler
A stableman; someone who looks after horses
pachydermatous
Thick-skinned
parson
A vicar
partie carree
The square party (French); a group of four people
pattens
Shoes with raised soles designed for walking in mud
Paulinism
A doctrine based on the teachings of New Testament writer St Paul
pollarded
To have cut the branches off a tree to encourage new ones to grow
prestidigitation
Trickery; sleight of hand
primum mobile
First mover; often used as a term for God (Latin)
reel
A dance
seed potatoes
Potatoes used to grow new potato plants
shade
Shadow
Sileni
Drunken followers of the Greek wine God Dionysus
springe
A noose trap for snaring small birds
stopt-diapason
A stop on an organ producing a particular, flutey sound
tanner
Someone who makes leather out of animal skins
tranter
Waggon-driver
treading a measure
Dancing
twang
A tang; an odd taste
van
A covered vehicle for conveying goods (not motorised in Tess's time)
vermilion
Bright red
WeltLust
Desire for the world (German)