Lampedusa is an island in the Mediterranean, part of the Province of Agrigento, in the region of Sicily, Italy. Tunisia is its closest neighbour. The population of approximately 6,000 subsists on fishing, tourism and agriculture. Historically, Lampedusa was a landing place and a maritime base for the ancient Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs. In 1860 the island became part of the new Kingdom of Italy. During World War II the island was captured by British forces shortly before the Allied invasion of Sicily.